Farmersville originated in 1849 as a settlement on the Jefferson-McKinney Road and named by pioneers William Pickney Chapman & John Hendrex for their chief occupation. Dr. H.M. Markham, practicing here by 1855, is said to have been Collin County’s earliest physician. The first Methodist Church was organized in 1856. William Gotcher on March 4, 1859, donated land for the public square. A school was operating as early as the 1860s. The first Baptist Church was organized on May 14, 1865.
The town was incorporated on June 2, 1873. Institutions from the 1880s that are still in operation include the Farmersville Times, which is the oldest newspaper in Collin County, and the First Bank, as well as the two churches mentioned above.
As the town became a trade center, agriculture kept pace. Farmersville in the 1930s was known as the “Onion Capital of North Texas”, annually shipping over 1,000 carloads of onions. Along with some small industry, cattle, cotton, and maize crops remain important. Farmersville is also Audie Murphy’s hometown.